If you have any memory of 2001, you remember the scandal involving the company Enron hiding a gargantuan amount of debt from the public. Once the details started to emerge, prison sentences and enormous fines gave some semblance of justice, but the question remained: how was this possible? The answer lies in SPVs (or Special Purpose Vehicles). They are a sort of bankruptcy-remote entity that protects a parent company from losses and damages. However, without strict regulation, they can be severely taken advantage of. This all begs the question: are SPVs safe to invest in today? First, let’s take a look at specifically what an SPV is…
What is an SPV?
SPV stands for Special Purpose Vehicle/Entity. It is a subsidiary company that has an asset and liability structure, as well as a legal status that keeps its obligations secure, even if the parent company it is invested in goes bankrupt. An SPV is also a subsidiary corporation that is designed to serve as a counterparty for swaps, as well as other credit-sensitive derivative instruments. SPVs are primarily used to reduce and isolate financial risk.
An SPV can be formed through limited partnerships, trusts, corporations, limited liability corporations or other entities. An SPV has a lot of different possible functionalities. It can be:
- …designed for independent ownership, management and funding of a company
- …for creating a synthetic lease that is expensed on the company’s income statement rather than recorded as a liability on the balance sheet
- …as protection of a project from operational or insolvency issues
- …helpful for companies securitize assets, create joint ventures, and isolate corporate assets.
For more information about what an SPV is, you can check out this informative article here.
As you can imagine, the world of SPVs can be complex. And, like with any complex topic involving money, there are a series of pros and cons that should be considered before you start investing in a fund that goes through an SPV.
1. First Steps of an Investment Strategy: The initial benefits of using a special purpose vehicle is that an SPV can be a great initial step into a broader investment strategy for LPs (limited partners). The reason for this is that an SPV gives LP investors enough financial leverage to get pro-rata rights, which give investors the right to be involved in further rounds of funding so that they can continue to own the same percentage of a company.
2. Gain Access to Other Deals: Using an SPV allows for investors that want to gain access into specific industries to get their foot in the door and participate in deals that they wouldn’t otherwise be able to negotiate into. In this way, some investors use SPVs to start investing in different sectors of the market to diversify their portfolios for future growth.
3. Quickly Invest in Growing Companies: Because an SPV is able to buy up more shares in venture capital projects at a faster rate than each individual investor would otherwise be able to purchase, it enables LP investors to quickly invest more into companies that are growing quickly. If the general partner (GP) is operating the fund efficiently, then startups that are achieving rapid growth will be allocated more funds to allow for outsize returns for all investors.
1. Selective GP Deals: One of the most major advantages for LP investors that is gained by investing through an SPV is the ability to gain pro-rata rights through quickly growing startups. However, if an SPV is operated by a highly selective GP, then there might be situations where some LPs are offered pro-rata rights, while others are not. This leads to confusion over what purpose the SPV will have for each individual investor.
2. Relying too heavily on venture capitalist: An LP investor is putting their complete faith in a venture capitalist (VC) to invest their capital into projects and companies that show true promise. If LPs are given pro-rata rights to companies that aren’t being aggressively pursued by other SPVs, then it begs the question of if the VC is overlooking potential negatives. This reliance on a VC can make some investors uncomfortable.
Guide to the Powder Coating Process
Powder coating is a process used to apply a dry powder to products. It is often used to apply a colored finish to products, such as appliances, automotive parts, bicycles, and other common items. Below you’ll find a guide to how powder coating is applied and the benefits of choosing this option.
4 Basic Steps to the Powder Coating Process
Powder coating follows a pretty simple four-step process.
The first step in powder coating is to prepare the piece that is about to be coated. This means removing any dirt, oil, grease, and other items. It can be done through several methods, including chemical pre-treatment and sandblasting. Depending on the product, the item being coated may be heated up at this point.
The next step is to apply the coating. Most often, this is done with a powder coating gun, which is electrostatic. The item being sprayed is grounded.
As the powder flows out of the powder coating gun’s nozzle, it travels through a negatively-charged electric field. The grounded item then attracts this coating, creating an even coating.
After the powder is applied, the item is moved into an oven. The heat helps to melt the powder, turning it into a flowing, smooth, seamless cover.
4. Additional Coats
For most items, one coat is enough. However, some require a thicker coating. In this case, the item would be coated again, using the powder coating gun, and then reheated. The process is completed as many times as necessary to achieve the desired result.
Benefits of Powder Coating
There are a few reasons that powder coating is a popular process, including those below:
Unlike paint, there are no solvents in powder coating, and they release little to no VOCs. This makes it more friendly to the environment.
Due to the liquid nature of paint, there is always a chance of having uneven layers. You might notice some areas where the paint is running or dripping, ruining the overall look of the finished product. The powder coating process, however, ensures that your product comes out with a smooth finish.
You can add several layers of powder coating to produce a much thicker finish, and it cures fairly quickly. With paint, the more you add, the longer it takes the product to finish.
Powder coating also allows you to add several different colors to one layer before heating it. This means that you can create smooth special effects and designs.
When you’re looking to add a finish to the metal, aluminum, and similar surfaces, powder coating can provide many benefits of overpainting. Using a powder coating gun and oven, you can create a smooth, consistent, professional-looking finish to your product.
4 Reasons You Should Start a Blog
Writing your thoughts and experiences down can be valuable to both yourself and others, whether you’re writing as an expert in your field of work or as a passionate hobbyist, and blogging is a great way to get started doing just that. Here are four great reasons to start your own blog today.
Help Other People
Chances are that you’re not the only person who cares about what you’re writing about. Perhaps your blog covers a work-related topic that you’ve amassed knowledge about; think of all of the people in similar jobs who are searching online for solutions for their own workplace challenges! Or if you’re writing about something more personal, your blog can inspire and help others toward excellence in that sport, art, or other pursuits.
Grow in Your Knowledge
Blogging can also be part of growing your own knowledge and expertise about whatever it is that you choose to write about. Research is a natural part of any writing project, so time and time again you’ll find yourself reading content from others to get ideas and learn more. That’s one of the great things about the internet; it’s essentially a massive collection of information being shared by millions and millions of people all over the world. In other words, blogging can also be a way for you to grow yourself in your work and hobbies.
Organize Your Thoughts
If you have a hard time keeping track of all of your thoughts and ideas, a blog can be the place where those things find organized expression. Over time you’ll see a solid body of work taking shape, and it’ll all be in one place that you can come back to time and time again. This built-in organization of blogging is a huge plus especially for those who don’t naturally stay organized.
Make Money on the Side
Finally, blogging can also become a source of passive income for you. While it certainly won’t happen overnight, over time as you grow your audience you can use your blog to sell ad space to those willing to pay for it. It may not pay all your bills, but it can grow over time if you keep an eye on it and especially if you reinvest some of that income into getting more traffic to your blog.
Perhaps you want to start a blog but are worried you won’t always have the time to write enough content to keep it going consistently. If you do ever find yourself unable to stay consistent with your writing (whether just for a short time or for the long term), you can always hire a monthly blog writing service. These companies will not only write content for you but will also work to strategically plan the content on your blog as well as optimize it for SEO.
Blogging can be a fulfilling endeavor if you discipline yourself to stick to it. The four reasons covered above can help motivate you to get started, but it’s ultimately going to be your passion for what you do that drives your writing forward and gives your blog the momentum it needs to be successful.
Is It Beneficial Leasing an Airplane?
If you planned on getting yourself a private jet or a fleet of airplanes, then you know your case the best. Better than anyone else can guide you or teach you about the pros and cons.
Buying a jet is not something that you do every day when you wake up; for some, it is once in a lifetime, and for some, it is just a daily business that generates revenue. Suppose you are starting to fulfill your dreams and aspirations by buying a luxurious plane or starting a small airline company. In that case, this article will briefly take you through the famous question of ‘is it beneficial leasing an airplane?’
If you can buy an airplane or put up a loan sanction against it, you must take that road because there is no better feeling than ‘ownership’. But if you do not want to invest a big chunk of money into buying an airplane, the best way to enjoy the experience would be to lease it for a couple of years.
Most airline companies nowadays lease at least some of the jets that they have. There are technical aspects intermingled with it as the lease price of 10 aircraft would certainly be almost ten times lesser than the actual price clubbed together. You can quickly get yourself to save a great deal of money while leasing a couple of airplanes, especially if you are in the airline business.
Often, the leasing companies offer you the crew, pilots, insurance, and other benefits covered in your leasing agreement. So, you can always take that trip around the globe whenever you want, as you will always have a cabin crew ready to fly. On the other hand, if the lease does not offer the benefits, you will need to look elsewhere.
Thankfully, recruiting a pilot and other crew members is not that difficult, especially if you are looking to get them for a private jet. What you can do is seek some professional assistance to find the right crew. Aerospace Union Limited can point you in the right direction.
But, on the other hand, if you choose to loan or buy a plane of your own, you will have to figure out everything starting from the operational costs to the training of crew and even pilots, which becomes an arduous process least. If your requirements are singular and not frequent enough, it is better to lease an aircraft rather than fully fund it. Because who wants to let go of all the additional benefits that really come in handy along with the lease agreement!
Freedom of Use
With business airplane renting or personal luxury plane renting, it’s yours to do as you will inside the rent term. Inside legitimate and protection limits and any rent conditions, it’s dependent upon you where the airplane flies, when it flies, and how frequently you take a trip. The only limitations are climate conditions, air traffic rules, booked upkeep, and the accessibility of your pilots and group.
Personal luxury plane renting gives you admittance to a more extensive scope of air terminals than business trips through carriers. This can permit you to land nearer to your final destination, decreasing the time spent and extra efforts brought about by booking and voyaging through road transport like cabs, buses, etc.
Renting an airplane liberates you from the endless formality and holding up occasions included when taking business flights. There are more and more additional benefits and a bubbling sense of luxury that you will experience if you go ahead with the plan of leasing an aircraft!
Most aircraft leasing options come to you with a choice- own or not to own after the period ends. Although you keep on paying a regular sum for years on end, you can decide if you want to complete the remaining payments and own the jet or try your luck with a new fleet.
On most occasions, after 10-15 years, airplanes with more recent technologies are launched, which makes the decision of keeping the aircraft previously on lease a decision that isn’t much feasible for people. But, the entire availability of having a choice is all you need when you are getting yourself in an agreement with a party. You never know if you can extract more benefits from the same flights.
As you can see, the benefits of leasing an aircraft are supreme as they come with a lot of additional growth points. You can always ride your plane with ease and comfort whenever you want without having the burden of financing a considerable amount of money for an aviation unit that will probably be replaced with new technology in the next couple of years.
So, if you are someone who’s just buying the jet for meetings around the globe or just because they want to feel the luxury, then the best thing to do is to lease the aircraft without thinking much about it. So, are you ready to fly and up to reach your world of dreams with zero hassles?
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