What is the meaning of Christmas?
The word Christmas is derived from two words Christ and Mass. The word Christ comes from old English word Crist which mean “anointed one” which means nominated or chosen as successor, “the Lord’s Anointed”. The word mas evolved from the old English word “maesse” which means festival, feast day or mass.
So Most of the Christians believe that “Christmas” means the festival and celebration of the Jesus Christ’s (Who is the son of God) birthday, which is celebrated on 25 December each year in the whole world.
History of Christmas:
There is a different festival in different religions and nation that become the base of Christmas origin.
1: Winter Solstice that happens on December 21st and 22nd, it is time when there is the shortest period between sun rising and set setting. The Roman pagan celebrated this festival because they thought it to end of winter and start of spring. Some part of northern Europe and Scandinavia Winter Solstice is also known as Yule.
2: Saturnalia (a holiday in the honor of Saturn (the god of agriculture) was celebrated December 17-25. This festival began when Romans chose a person who is enemy of Roman people and represented him as “Lord of Misrule”. Each community of Roman selected a victim whom they served whole week with food and physical pleasure and at end of the festival on 25 December murdered him brutally as they believed they were destroying the forces of darkness.
3: In the 4th century decided to institute the birthday of Jesus as a holiday. So 25th December is chosen by Pope Julius I in an effort to adopt and absorb the pagan Saturnalia festival. The Christians adopted Saturnalia as hoping to covert Roman pagan toward Christianity. They converted many of pagans by promising to continue the celebration of Saturnalia.
4: “Ḥanukka” the Jewish festival also called the festival of candles and lights is celebrated Kislev 25( According to Gregorian calendar comes in December) and celebration remains for eight days. It commemorated when Jewish people rededicated and worshiped in their temple Jerusalem. Because they were not allowed to follow their religion for many years. Because Jesus was a jew so this could be a reason church choose 25th December as Jesus birthday.
5: Today in Greek and Russian Orthodox Churches the Christmas is celebrated on 6th December, they also celebrated Epiphany or Three Kings Day (Three wise men who visited and gave gifts to Jesus).
6: In the Western world the celebration of Christmas spread in the next several centuries. Bible does not mention the exact date of Jesus birth, so Jesus born on 25 December? Probably not. Most Christians still continue to celebrate Epiphany or Easter as most important days. In the past the Puritans of colonial New England even banned the celebration of Christmas as an offering of gifts and decorating trees they linked with paganism. In the early days of United state celebration of Christmas was considered as British Custom. It has not become a federal holiday until 1870.
Facts about Christmas:
Gift giving on Christmas:
The gift-giving tradition is associated with paganism. Gift giving was the custom on the festival of Saturnalia. Another association of gift giving is from Magi (Three wise men ) who gave the gift of gold, frankincense, and myrrh to Jesus.
Santa Claus on Christmas:
In the middle age Santa Claus (a jolly stout man wearing a white and red suit) became the part of Christmas traditions. The character of Santa Clause is inspired by a Christian bishop St. Nicholas lived in Turkey in the 4th century. He had inherited wealth and famous for helping the poor children and gave them gifts.
Milk and cookies for Santa:
Dutch kids on feast day would leave food and drink for St. Nicholas. So now Christians leave milk and cookies for Santa Clause.
Carrots for Santa horse: Norse children left hay and treat for Odin’s eight-legged horse Sleipnir with the hope God would stop their home during his Yule hunting adventure. So Christians left carrots for Santa Claus reindeer.
The pagan and Christians used the evergreen fir tree to celebrate the winter festival for thousands of years. In the festival of Saturnalia, the pagans decorated their temples with Fir trees. Christians used the Fir tree as a symbol everlasting life with God.
Lights on Christmas tree:
Lights is a symbol of good and hope in the world. It also reminds the good Christians to provide light to others. In the 18th century, people decorated it with candles and later and now it is decorating with electric lights.
Jingle Bells song:
Jingle Bells is a famous song in the world especially on the occasion of the Christmas. It was originally titled The One Horse Open Sleigh. It was meant for Thanksgiving program at a church in Savannah, Georgia where Pierpont was an organist. The song was very much liked that it again was sung at the time of Christmas that it became the popular song of Christmas.
Gingerbread cookies have importance on Christmas. It history associated with Queen Victoria, and her German-born husband Prince Albert who brought it in vogue and include it with other German Christmas traditions.
Orange in the stocking:
This tradition is associated with St. Nicholas who helped the poor man who had three daughters and could not afford the dowry. St. Nicholas tossed the gold bag down the man’s chimney, where it is ended up in daughter socks, which were drying by the fire. Later people honor the act by gifting oranges instead of gold.
Wreath at Christmas:
It is a headdress made from leaves, flower, and branches. Wreaths originally come from pagan rituals where it is associated with fertility and changing seasons. In Christianity, it represents an unending circle of life and evergreen tree flowers and branches are used that represent that symbolizes growth and everlasting life.
184 countries and economies have joined COVAX: WHO chief
GENEVA. KAZINFORM A sum of 184 nations and economies have now joined COVAX, a worldwide activity co-drove by the World Health Organization (WHO) and accomplices to guarantee successful and evenhanded worldwide admittance to COVID-19 immunizations, the WHO boss declared on Monday.
COVAX speaks to the biggest arrangement of potential COVID-19 immunizations and the best method to share sheltered and viable antibodies evenhandedly over the world,» WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said at a virtual question and answer session, Xinhua reports.
Equitably sharing immunizations is the quickest method to protect high-hazard networks, settle wellbeing frameworks and drive a genuinely worldwide monetary recovery, he included. As one of the main nations in immunization improvement, China has formally joined COVAX, a move portrayed by a Chinese Foreign Ministry representative as a significant advance to maintain the idea of a common network of wellbeing for all and to respect its responsibility to transforming COVID-19 antibodies into a worldwide public great.
At Monday’s virtual public interview, Tedros likewise referenced «the stressing phase» that the COVID-19 pandemic has entered. With the happening to winter in the northern side of the equator and sharp quickening in the quantity of new COVID-19 cases, Tedros cautioned that the following not many months will be intense, especially in Europe and North America. «So it’s significant that all legislatures center around the basics that help to break the chains of transmission and spare the two lives and livelihoods, Tedros said. As the world is attempting to contain the COVID-19 pandemic, nations over the globe are dashing to discover an antibody.
As per the site of WHO, as of Oct. 19, there were 198 COVID-19 competitor antibodies being created around the world, and 44 of them were in clinical preliminaries
Coronavirus: Blood test device reuse at Australia quarantine hotel prompts calls for hundreds to take HIV test
Victorian wellbeing office Safer Care Victoria said it is reaching 243 individuals who had a blood glucose test between March 29 and August 20 on the grounds that there is a danger of cross-tainting and blood-borne infections, including Hepatitis B and C, and HIV.
“The clinical danger of contamination is low. In any case, for consolation, admittance to private testing will be masterminded,” it said in an announcement.
More secure Care Victoria added there is no danger to individuals who didn’t have a blood glucose test or to the individuals who utilized an individual gadget to test their blood glucose levels. There is likewise no danger this episode could’ve spread COVID-19 since it isn’t communicated by blood.
There is likewise no progressing danger to individuals right now in Victoria’s COVID-19 convenience on the grounds that the gadgets were eliminated in August.
The test included pricking an individual’s finger to get a drop of blood, and it is utilized to test the glucose levels in individuals with diabetes. They may likewise be utilized by pregnant ladies, individuals who have blacked out or the individuals who feel commonly unwell.
“The testing gadgets being referred to were intended for rehashed use by one individual, not different individuals,” Safer Care Victoria said.
“The needles can be changed between use, however the body of the gadgets can hold tiny measures of blood.”
Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews called the episode “a clinical mistake that was made some time prior”.
“[It’s a] generally safe, however you can’t face any challenges with these things. You need to follow them up appropriately and that is actually what has occurred,” he said during a question and answer session on Tuesday.
Daniel Andrews. Photograph credit: Getty Images
The state’s Health Minister Martin Foley said Safer Care Victoria and the Department of Human and Health Services fished through 28,000 clinical records to discover every individual who was conceivably in danger.
“I have to pressure that this is, as indicated by all the clinical guidance, an extremely, okay of cross-tainting in any case, out of a bounty of alert, Safer Care Victoria and the Alfred [Hospital] are doing absolutely the correct thing,” he said.
More secure Care Victoria representative CEO Maree Keenan said there will be a “full audit into how and why this gadget came to be being used”.
“The strength of past isolate occupants is our quick concern, so orchestrating screening for them is our outright need. The clinical danger is low,” she said.
“At the present time, we won’t have the option to respond to the numerous inquiries individuals will have about how this occurred. Be guaranteed that Safer Care Victoria is directing a full survey into how and why this gadget came to be being used.
“I trust that we will have the option to bring significant serenity through getting individuals in for testing, and through the discoveries of our survey.”
German Doner Kebab Edinburgh restaurant among 12 new sites
The chain, which has 47 quick easygoing eateries the nation over, has seen deals ascend since completely resuming locales as it was supported by new openings and the Government’s Eat Out To Help Out plan.
It said UK same-store deals bounced by 46% in August against the very month a year ago.
The extension will see the Glasgow-based chain open new locales including Edinburgh, Liverpool, Nottingham, Bradford, Plymouth and London.
Understand MORE: Whalsay Made jam, chutney maker in 500 percent deals rise
The chain was established in Germany in 1989 however was dispatched in the UK in 2016 by United Brands under an establishment model.
The UK-based business has likewise laid out designs to open more worldwide destinations, with openings made arrangements for Canada, Sweden and Saudi Arabia.
Imran Sayeed, CEO of the business, stated: “Our game-changing kebabs are altering the kebab and we are eager to report these most recent development plans.
“We have wound up in extremely testing occasions anyway there keeps on being a gigantic interest for the German Doner Kebab experience all through the UK and our worldwide development districts.
“We are eager to gather further speed in our arrangements for development and to make many new openings all through the nation as we keep up our main goal of building the quick easygoing brand of things to come.”
German Doner Kebab, which utilizes around 1,500 individuals, said its locales were open for conveyance and snap and gather administrations during the underlying lockdown, before returning its eating territories ahead toward the beginning of August.
“We have been staggeringly lithe and receptive to a quick changing scene during the pandemic,” Mr Sayeed included.
“Our ongoing presentation is demonstration of our more extensive system of item advancement, the resourcefulness and speed of our operational group and the help we have had from our accomplices.”
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