What is the meaning of Christmas?
The word Christmas is derived from two words Christ and Mass. The word Christ comes from old English word Crist which mean “anointed one” which means nominated or chosen as successor, “the Lord’s Anointed”. The word mas evolved from the old English word “maesse” which means festival, feast day or mass.
So Most of the Christians believe that “Christmas” means the festival and celebration of the Jesus Christ’s (Who is the son of God) birthday, which is celebrated on 25 December each year in the whole world.
History of Christmas:
There is a different festival in different religions and nation that become the base of Christmas origin.
1: Winter Solstice that happens on December 21st and 22nd, it is time when there is the shortest period between sun rising and set setting. The Roman pagan celebrated this festival because they thought it to end of winter and start of spring. Some part of northern Europe and Scandinavia Winter Solstice is also known as Yule.
2: Saturnalia (a holiday in the honor of Saturn (the god of agriculture) was celebrated December 17-25. This festival began when Romans chose a person who is enemy of Roman people and represented him as “Lord of Misrule”. Each community of Roman selected a victim whom they served whole week with food and physical pleasure and at end of the festival on 25 December murdered him brutally as they believed they were destroying the forces of darkness.
3: In the 4th century decided to institute the birthday of Jesus as a holiday. So 25th December is chosen by Pope Julius I in an effort to adopt and absorb the pagan Saturnalia festival. The Christians adopted Saturnalia as hoping to covert Roman pagan toward Christianity. They converted many of pagans by promising to continue the celebration of Saturnalia.
4: “Ḥanukka” the Jewish festival also called the festival of candles and lights is celebrated Kislev 25( According to Gregorian calendar comes in December) and celebration remains for eight days. It commemorated when Jewish people rededicated and worshiped in their temple Jerusalem. Because they were not allowed to follow their religion for many years. Because Jesus was a jew so this could be a reason church choose 25th December as Jesus birthday.
5: Today in Greek and Russian Orthodox Churches the Christmas is celebrated on 6th December, they also celebrated Epiphany or Three Kings Day (Three wise men who visited and gave gifts to Jesus).
6: In the Western world the celebration of Christmas spread in the next several centuries. Bible does not mention the exact date of Jesus birth, so Jesus born on 25 December? Probably not. Most Christians still continue to celebrate Epiphany or Easter as most important days. In the past the Puritans of colonial New England even banned the celebration of Christmas as an offering of gifts and decorating trees they linked with paganism. In the early days of United state celebration of Christmas was considered as British Custom. It has not become a federal holiday until 1870.
Facts about Christmas:
Gift giving on Christmas:
The gift-giving tradition is associated with paganism. Gift giving was the custom on the festival of Saturnalia. Another association of gift giving is from Magi (Three wise men ) who gave the gift of gold, frankincense, and myrrh to Jesus.
Santa Claus on Christmas:
In the middle age Santa Claus (a jolly stout man wearing a white and red suit) became the part of Christmas traditions. The character of Santa Clause is inspired by a Christian bishop St. Nicholas lived in Turkey in the 4th century. He had inherited wealth and famous for helping the poor children and gave them gifts.
Milk and cookies for Santa:
Dutch kids on feast day would leave food and drink for St. Nicholas. So now Christians leave milk and cookies for Santa Clause.
Carrots for Santa horse: Norse children left hay and treat for Odin’s eight-legged horse Sleipnir with the hope God would stop their home during his Yule hunting adventure. So Christians left carrots for Santa Claus reindeer.
The pagan and Christians used the evergreen fir tree to celebrate the winter festival for thousands of years. In the festival of Saturnalia, the pagans decorated their temples with Fir trees. Christians used the Fir tree as a symbol everlasting life with God.
Lights on Christmas tree:
Lights is a symbol of good and hope in the world. It also reminds the good Christians to provide light to others. In the 18th century, people decorated it with candles and later and now it is decorating with electric lights.
Jingle Bells song:
Jingle Bells is a famous song in the world especially on the occasion of the Christmas. It was originally titled The One Horse Open Sleigh. It was meant for Thanksgiving program at a church in Savannah, Georgia where Pierpont was an organist. The song was very much liked that it again was sung at the time of Christmas that it became the popular song of Christmas.
Gingerbread cookies have importance on Christmas. It history associated with Queen Victoria, and her German-born husband Prince Albert who brought it in vogue and include it with other German Christmas traditions.
Orange in the stocking:
This tradition is associated with St. Nicholas who helped the poor man who had three daughters and could not afford the dowry. St. Nicholas tossed the gold bag down the man’s chimney, where it is ended up in daughter socks, which were drying by the fire. Later people honor the act by gifting oranges instead of gold.
Wreath at Christmas:
It is a headdress made from leaves, flower, and branches. Wreaths originally come from pagan rituals where it is associated with fertility and changing seasons. In Christianity, it represents an unending circle of life and evergreen tree flowers and branches are used that represent that symbolizes growth and everlasting life.
Chilean, Argentine scientists find remains of mammal from the age of dinosaurs
A fossil of a skunk-like warm blooded creature that lived during the period of dinosaurs has been found in Chilean Patagonia, adding additional verification to ongoing proof that vertebrates wandered that piece of South America much sooner than recently suspected.
A piece of the animal’s fossilized jawbone with five teeth connected were found near the renowned Torres del Paine public park.
Initiated Orretherium tzen, signifying ‘Monster of Five Teeth’ in a blend of Greek and a neighborhood native language, the creature is thought to have lived somewhere in the range of 72 and 74 million years prior during the Upper Cretaceous time frame, toward the conclusion of the Mesozoic age, and been a herbivore.
Preceding its revelation, and the teeth of the Magallanodon baikashkenke, a rat like animal, in a similar territory a year ago, just well evolved creatures living somewhere in the range of 38 and 46 million years prior had been found in the southernmost tip of the Americas, the group that found it said.
The finds are basic to finishing the transformative riddle of the Gondwanatheria, a gathering of long-wiped out early well evolved creatures that coincided with dinosaurs, said Sergio Soto, a University of Chile scientist.
“This and different revelations that we will spread the word about later on are uncovering that there is colossal potential regarding fossil science in the southern tip of Chile,” said Soto.
“We are discovering things that we didn’t hope to discover and that will help us answer a ton of inquiries that we had for quite a while about dinosaurs, well evolved creatures and different gatherings.”
The disclosure was distributed in the diary Scientific Reports by specialists from the University of Chile working with analysts from Argentina’s Natural History and La Plata historical centers and the Chilean Antarctic Institute.
The researchers think Orretherium tzen lived together with Magallanodon baikashkenke, which was thought to have been a developmental advance between a platypus or marsupial, and dinosaurs like the since quite a while ago necked titanosaur.
Total solar eclipse to stretch from Texas to Maine on April 8, 2024
Recall on Aug. 21, 2017, when an across the nation absolute sun oriented overshadowing was the most broadly seen complete sunlight based obscuration ever?
The external air of the sun — the crown — offered a staggering uncover, when the sunlight based circle was totally obliterated. Sun based prominences — gleaming crest of gas — were seen through telescopes on the external edge (appendage) of the moon.
Wear Stevens, head of Perkins Observatory at Ohio Wesleyan University in Delaware, brings up that the component chromium was found in the sun’s environment, which is the place where the name comes from, alongside helium (named for Helios, the Greek sun god).
The complete sun based shroud in Aug. 2017 had a way of an entirety of 70 miles wide, focused along a line through western Kentucky and southern Tennessee. Along this limited territory, the moon shut out 100% of the sun for a time of two minutes as it passed between the sun and earth. In Columbus, around 86% of the sun was covered by the moon around 2:30 p.m.
Before 2017, the last sunlight based overshadowing somewhat obvious in Ohio happened in February 1979 (entirety was restricted to the Pacific Northwest in the U.S.). The last across the nation complete sun oriented overshadowing seen across the whole adjoining 48 states happened in June 1918 (99 years sooner).
Luckily, we would just need to stand by somewhat less than seven years for the following one, which is going ahead Apr. 8, 2024. The line of entirety will extend from northern Mexico through segments of 15 states in the U.S. furthermore, across parts of southeastern Canada. The western and north-focal bits of Ohio will be in the way of entirety, including northwest Franklin County, Dayton, and Cincinnati – generally west of the Interstate 71 hallway.
The admonition to not view the sun without appropriate endorsed assurance will apply, as usual, to stay away from genuine eye harm, like foggy vision, or even forever impeded vision, if an individual were to gaze straight up at the sun. Obviously, you have a lot of time to procure confirmed safe overshadowing seeing glasses before April 2024.
Stevens said for the time being, there will be a halfway lunar shroud is on May 26, 2021, which starts at 5:44 a.m. He said, “The moon will be under a 33% covered once it at long last sets. You will require an unmistakable western skyline to have the option to notice it.” Stevens added that no uncommon hardware is needed for survey a lunar shroud, which will be obvious from the Pacific Ocean district and Asia to North America.
Additionally, on June 11 this year, there will be a halfway sunlight based shroud this year that Stevens portrayed as a “uncommon icy district overshadow,” which will be mostly obvious in Ohio. He said that the sun will rise “effectively in obscure at about 6:06 a.m., with not exactly half covered by the moon.”
As the sun ascends on June 11, the sun will be less and less covered by the moon, with the shroud finishing at about 6:33 a.m. This view will require an unmistakable perspective on the northeastern skyline, and as consistently uncommon obscuration glasses for review that fulfill the imperative security guidelines. Stevens added that there are additionally “extraordinary sun based channels explicitly intended for telescopes/optics,” yet to be certain they are formally authorized by science and wellbeing authorities.
BJ’s Wholesale says CEO Lee Delaney has passed away
BJ’s Wholesale Club (BJ) – Get Report said Friday that CEO Lee Delaney has died suddenly at 48 years old.
Delaney, a previous accomplice at Bain Capital, took over from Christopher Baldwin in February of a year ago subsequent to joining the gathering as VP and boss development official in 2016.
“We are stunned and significantly disheartened by the death of Lee Delaney. Lee was a splendid and humble pioneer who really focused profoundly on his associates, his family and his local area,” the organization said in an articulation Friday. “We expand our most sincere sympathies and compassion to his family, particularly his significant other and two youngsters. We will respect his heritage and recollect the exceptional effect he had on so many.”
“Our considerations are with them during this troublesome time,” the assertion added.
BJ’s offers were checked 1.6% lower in early exchanging Friday to change hands at $44.15 each, leaving the stock with a six-month gain of around 8.5%
BJ’s shown his passing was of “assumed normal causes” yet noted it was startling. CFO Bob Eddy, who joined the gathering in 2007, will accept that Delaney’s part on a break premise, the organization said.
“Bounce cooperated intimately with Lee and has assumed a fundamental part in changing and developing BJ’s Wholesale Club,” said Baldwin in the interest of the Board. “We have the most extreme trust in Bob’s authority and his profound information on the business.”
“We hope to declare perpetual changes to our authority inside a sensibly short time period, supported by our earlier progression arranging,” he added.
Under the principal full a year of Delaney’s stewardship, BJ’s accounted for changed income of $857 million for its monetary long term, which finished on February 1, a 47% increment from a similar period a year ago that remembered a 21% increment for practically identical store deals and generally incomes of $15.1 billion.
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